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Vietnam Points Preferential Tariffs on Implementation of UKVFTA: Decree 53

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  • Vietnam issued Decree 53 on Vietnam’s preferential export and import tariffs for the implementation of the UK Vietnam free commerce settlement.
  • The UK and Vietnam signed the UK Vietnam free commerce settlement, which can nearly see all customs duties eradicated, as soon as totally applied.
  • The settlement represents important alternatives in training, renewables, healthcare, and infrastructure for the UK and Vietnamese companies and can additionally strengthen and construct each nations’ commerce relationship.
  • The UK would additionally like to hitch the CPTPP, which Vietnam has supported however depends on the remaining signatories.

On Could 21, the Vietnamese authorities issued Decree 53/2021/ND-CP (Decree 53) on Vietnam’s preferential export and import tariffs for the implementation of the UK Vietnam free commerce settlement (UKFTA) for the 2021-2022 interval. Decree 53 is efficient Could 21, 2021.

The Decree lists out two appendices that element the merchandise that qualify for the preferential tariffs. Extra particularly, items exported from Vietnam to the UK will likely be eligible for preferential tariffs if:

  • Embrace commodity codes (resembling HS codes);
  • Commodity descriptions;
  • Transport paperwork with vacation spot included;
  • Preferential tariffs for every commodity; and
  • Customs declarations declaring that the products originate from Vietnam.

Equally, merchandise imported into Vietnam should meet guidelines of origin tips and originate from the UK or from non-tariff zones.

The UK and Vietnam signed the UKVFTA on December 29, 2020, because the UK transitions out of the EU.

The free commerce settlement was signed by the ambassadors of each nations in London paving the best way for continued and growing commerce between the 2 nations. The UKVFTA got here into impact on Could 1, 2021.

The settlement will see the elimination of nearly all customs duties between the 2 nations when it’s totally applied.

The British embassy in Vietnam has forecast that Vietnam will save US$151 million in tariffs from the deal whereas the UK stands to save lots of round US$36 million.

The bilateral FTA will strengthen the Vietnam-UK relationship throughout commerce liberalization, authorized regulation, and alignment in international requirements.

Following the ratification of the EU – Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA), the UK and Vietnam had been eager to additional strengthen ties and broaden on their bilateral relationship. Most not too long ago, UK Overseas Secretary Dominic Raab visited Hanoi on September 29-30 and mentioned Vietnam-UK relations with Pham Binh Minh, Vietnam’s Minister of Overseas Affairs.

Gunning for a commerce deal

The FTA is of significance because the UK left the EU after December 31, 2020. The UK had been busy negotiating rollover commerce agreements to interchange those who the EU had negotiated in order that it could possibly proceed to take pleasure in preferential commerce offers from January 1, 2021.

As well as, Vietnam has pledged to assist the UK’s becoming a member of of the Comprehensive and Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). The CPTPP consists of 11 nations and would require the approval of all member states to permit the UK to hitch the commerce pact. Nonetheless, it is a important win for the UK; its allies resembling Australia, Canada, and New Zealand are additionally signatories, boosting its probabilities to hitch the FTA.

For Vietnam, the UK’s becoming a member of of the CPTPP, together with its bilateral FTA with the nation can be a win-win state of affairs, as finalizing each commerce pacts would assist the export-driven nation to make amends for its development targets, which hit a roadblock because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Vietnam-UK commerce

Vietnam is the second-largest Southeast Asian exporter to the UK after Thailand with bilateral commerce between the 2 nations equaling US$6.7 billion in 2019. Foremost exports to the UK included cellphones, clothes and textiles, and seafood. The UK can also be seeking to Vietnam for items and providers resembling educationrenewable energy, expertise, infrastructure, and healthcare. In truth, it’s the largest overseas investor in Vietnam’s training sector.

To discover the UK Vietnam relationship additional we have a look at a few of the industries that current alternatives for UK companies in Vietnam


As talked about earlier, the UK is among the largest overseas buyers within the training business in Vietnam. As well as, training stays a nationwide precedence for the Vietnamese authorities. Vietnam’s native rising center class prefers non-public training over public faculty programs because of the higher high quality of providers and has thus translated right into a marketplace for non-public establishments and vocations faculties and providers. There continues to be a requirement for high quality English language coaching facilities in addition to greater training and instructor coaching. As well as, technical and vocational coaching is the middle of the federal government’s growth plans significantly as jobs evolve in gentle of digital developments resembling Trade 4.0.


Vietnam’s current growth in photo voltaic vitality growth presents additional alternatives for UK companies. Vietnam’s vitality consumption is additional anticipated to develop because it recovers from the pandemic-induced downturn. Vietnam continues to depend on coal as it’s low cost however technological progress and environmental considerations make renewables extra engaging. Most not too long ago, the federal government reiterated its stance of getting renewable vitality contribute to twenty % of its complete vitality provide by 2030. There’s a demand for expertise, gear, and coaching within the renewable vitality sector, which the UK has experience in.


As a fast-growing economic system, Vietnam’s checklist of infrastructure initiatives continues to develop. With 50 % of Vietnam’s inhabitants anticipated to be residing in cities by 2030, authorities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are pushing with constructing metro rail programs exceeding US$22 billion in hopes of easing site visitors congestion and enhancing air high quality. The federal government additionally continues to work on a number of expressways and has roped in a number of non-public buyers for growth and funding.

The Lengthy Thanh airport, which can change the current overburdened Tan Son Nhat Worldwide airport in Ho Chi Minh Metropolis is anticipated to be accomplished by 2025. Vietnam spends a major quantity of its GDP on infrastructure, which is among the highest in Southeast Asia. The railways and aviation sectors significantly are important alternatives for UK companies which have services and products that may cater to the Vietnamese market.


Better demand for healthcare providers mixed with strained authorities public sources supplies development alternatives in Vietnam’s healthcare business. Vietnam is presently present process financial that demographic transformations that may present nice potential within the business. Healthcare spending is anticipated to succeed in US$23 billion in 2022 at a compound annual development of 10.7 % as per Fitch Options. Vietnam has a fast-growing center class and ageing inhabitants and speedy financial growth has boosted demand for greater high quality and specialised healthcare providers.

Vietnam’s Ministry of Health (MoH) has forecast that the nation’s medical gear market will develop at a price of 18 to twenty % from 2016 to 2020. Most medical gear, nonetheless, must be imported. Public hospitals additionally lack adequate gear for surgical procedure and intensive care models. As native manufacturing can not meet demand, the Vietnamese authorities encourages the import of medical gear and that is one other space ripe for UK buyers.

Trying forward

Following an financial partnership settlement with Japan, and a commerce take care of Singapore, Vietnam was UK’s third commerce deal in Asia. For the UK, the deal gives important potential to broaden exports to Vietnam, which is among the world’s fastest-growing rising markets.

Whereas the UKVFTA is anticipated to return into impact on January 1, 2021, it’s unclear when the FTA will likely be signed. Vietnam has additionally said that it’s going to apply the EVFTA deal to the UK till a bilateral pact is prepared. Nonetheless, the commerce deal is anticipated to be much like the EVFTA.

The UK and Vietnam upgraded their ties to a Strategic Partnership in 2010 with commerce on an upward trajectory since then.

Whereas a commerce deal will profit each nations, UK buyers ought to develop into accustomed to Vietnam’s present authorized and tax surroundings. Traders that focus on sectors that align with Vietnam’s growth targets are prone to discover success in long-term funding initiatives.

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Rachel Ha
Industrial and agricultural product enthusiast. Expert on Vietnam economy. Focus on FTA agreements between Vietnam and other countries.
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